Can birth complications during delivery affect the child?

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Answered by: Harry, An Expert in the Pregnancy and Birth Category
Birth complications during delivery, their causes and other factors to consider.

Conception and a pregnancy’s coming to term are every woman’s dream. The prospect of finally becoming a mother and holding your own child in your arms is one many women relish. However, the progression of that baby through its fetal stage is not without its fair share of risks. Many factors come into play in determining whether that pregnancy gets to its full term successfully, or not. Some of these might be influenced by the mother herself while others just occur on their own. However, with the advances man has made in science and technology, most of the time these ‘hurdles’ are done away with.

There are quite a number of birth complications during delivery. The first one is pre-term delivery, which is essentially birth anytime before thirty seven weeks. While a normal pregnancy should last between thirty eight and forty weeks, sometimes this is not the case. At times the opposite occurs, whereby a pregnancy extends its expected period and goes beyond forty weeks. It is usually common in first time mothers, and carries with it very serious infection risk if the amniotic sac raptures and delivery doesn’t occur.

Another complication which might affect childbirth is abnormal presentation. Normally, the baby will come through the birth canal head first, but this is not always the case. Everything else apart from this normal birth position is called a ‘breech birth’, and comes with considerable risks depending on the baby’s posture. Both the ‘complete breech’ and ‘frank breech’ have a baby’s buttocks leading the way. In an ‘incomplete breech’, one or more of the baby’s limbs lead the way, while the ‘transverse lie’ is even more complicated. Herein, the baby lies in a horizontal manner within the uterus. Sometimes the umbilical cord, which is the unborn child’s lifeline, gets damaged during delivery posing a life threatening danger to it. This is even more life threatening if it gets entangled around its neck or body.

Proper planning is crucial in preventing complications associated with not allowing the mother enough time to heal before another pregnancy. This not only affects the growing fetus, but impacts on the breastfeeding one as well since he/she needs enough nutrients at that particular time of their life. Perhaps diet plays the most important role in preventing birth complication during delivery, since enough of every nutrient goes a long way in maintaining a healthy body. Nutrients such as iron, calcium and folic acid are some of the most important if a mother is to give birth since a baby needs well jointed bones to be born safely. Any, and all, infections should be treated early to avoid complications, especially those associated with gastrointestinal, urinary and cervicalvaginal infections due to their proximity to the fetus.

Medicine used to treat these and any other infection should be checked because chemical components pose a threat to normal childbirth. The use of drugs and alcohol, as well as exposure to harmful environmental conditions, observation of weight and basic hygiene measures all go a long way in ensuring your baby is born healthy, without complications that might harm it or the mother.

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